Chinese plastics machinery industry makes gains at home and abroad
What happens when China’s 1.3 billion people offer more to the global economy via their consumption as customers than their production as low-cost laborers?
Market watchers have anxiously combed through China’s economic data looking for that tipping point when the country’s domestic consumption would outstrip its ability to produce goods for use beyond its shores.
Companies of all stripes had long positioned themselves to seize the opportunity presented by the most populous nation on earth becoming a consumer of goods, not just a producer. Automotive OEMs, for instance, would shift from sourcing parts from the country for cars sold elsewhere to building and delivering cars in China for the Chinese consumer.
In plastics machinery, that tipping point has been reached, but instead of the country importing more machines to supports its growing consumer demand, China is giving the growing business to home-grown suppliers, while those same suppliers export more equipment around the globe.
Haitian Plastics Machinery—by volume, the top seller of injection molding machines in the world—raked in record earnings and profits in 2013. Sales, which rose 13.7% to $1.2 billion, actually marked the highest ever level in exports for the company, according to Helmar Franz, Haitian’s chief strategic officer.
Franz, who is also a member of the Chinese Plastics Machinery Industry Assn. (CPMIA), discussed Haitian’s results, and trends in the broader Chinese plastics market, at last month’s Chinaplas in Shanghai.
While China’s exports of injection molding machines have increased every year since 2009, its imports have shrunk each of the last four years, according to CPMIA data cited by Franz.
Imports of plastics machines in 2013 were lower both in terms of units and value, dropping 4% to 10,052 units and 15% to $1.82 billion in value. Exports of plastics machines in 2013, however, jumped 94% in volume, to 135,213 units, with their value up 7% to $1.72 billion.
Historically, Franz noted that the market had exhibited a 70:30 split in equipment sales between imported machines vs. Chinese. During the 2008-2009 global economic crisis, Franz noted that Chinese processors turned to domestic machine suppliers, and they have not looked back.
In 2013, 77% of machines were bought locally and Korea was the only country that supplied more machines to China in 2013 than it did in 2012. In 2012, China was a net exporter of machines for the first time ever, with that new status holding in 2013.
The ratio of imported machinery to domestic, going back to 2008, seems to have shifted permanently.
Per CPMIA (import : domestic)
2008 : (51:49)