Five Quick Steps Toward Better Blending
Rising costs of resins and additives, along with higher demands for quality and use of regrind, place a premium on proficient blending. Here are some steps to get you there.
With the rising cost of raw materials, and tighter demands for product consistency, many processors struggle with blending their resin recipes. Re-introducing regrind into the final product is becoming more and more common, driven by environmental mandates and cost savings.
Here are five blending tips to help processors keep their material and labor costs down and aid in manufacturing a more consistent and compliant final product.
1. BLEND IT UP CLOSE
The closer the blender is to the processing machine, the more homogeneous the mixture of materials. Separation can occur when the blend has to be conveyed great distances before reaching the feed throat of the machine. This is the case when blending materials with different bulk densities and is especially true when blending regrind with virgin material, as the bulk density and size of the regrind can vary greatly. The inconsistency in bulk density causes the smaller, lighter pellets to separate from the larger, heavier pellets, resulting in uneven “layering” of material on the feed throat.
It is ideal to blend directly on the feed throat or above the feed throat on a mezzanine. If the blender must be located remotely then place it beside the machine or as close as possible. Also, a good-quality low-speed, high-torque granulator can help by providing a more consistent bulk density and regrind size with fewer fines.
2. SAY NO TO STATIC
Static build-up is a blender’s worst enemy. Static will cause material to stick to the walls of the mixing chamber, resulting in inconsistent batches. With low additive percentages, even a handful of pellets hung up in a mixing bowl can have a dramatic effect on the finished product.
With proper grounding of vacuum receivers and blenders, and using good-quality grounded hose, static build-up can be greatly reduced. Static rings on the walls of the mixing chamber are also essential to ensuring pellets fall back into the blend if static-charged pellets creep up the wall. Mixing chambers with a hemispherical geometry also help eliminate dead spots and material hang-up.
3. PAY ATTENTION TO RECEIVERS
The type of receiver on the blender hoppers can affect the accuracy of the blender. Volumetric and gravimetric blenders that rely on time only can be adversely affected by outside influences, such as pressure changes in the material hopper. A venturi or pressure cyclone style of separator receiver creates a positive pressure in the hopper. This will force material through the material hopper valve more rapidly, resulting in overdosing material during the receiver’s conveying cycle.
A gravity-style discharge valve on a vacuum receiver, most typically a flap, can create a negative pressure in the material hopper if the flap is leaking. This can result in underdosing material because of a slight suppression of material flow due to the vacuum created in the hopper during the receiver’s conveying cycle. Vacuum receivers with positive discharge valves help eliminate this, as the valve can positively close and seal with compressed air.
4. THWART THOSE BRIDGES
When working with “difficult” materials such as regrind, flake, or sticky additives, there is a chance the material can bridge in the hopper. Bridging materials will hinder blender performance because of lack of material flow. Valve size is crucial to help the flow of difficult materials; use larger hoppers if the blender is available with different hopper sizes.
Agitation of difficult materials is also an option to enhance material flow. Bridge breakers can be installed inside material hoppers; they pulse a knife-style actuator when the dosing valve pulses.
5. LEARN TO DEAL WITH REGRIND
One headache in blending regrind is either running out of it or having too much. It seems that no matter how hard you try, there is no magic blending recipe that will keep up with your regrind production without running out of regrind five minutes after you walk away. One method to help eliminate this is to use an intermediate regrind bin between the granulator and blender. This can help by storing surge during high- regrind production times and providing material during low-regrind production times.
Another approach is to vary the recipe on the blender relative to the amount of regrind production. Doing this manually is a time-consuming and tedious task. Use a blender that will adjust the recipe automatically depending on your regrind capacity. This type of blender uses a level switch to monitor the regrind level. This level switch can be mounted either in an intermediate hopper, or in the blender’s regrind material hopper itself.
The operator sets two different recipes. For example: a high-level recipe may have a recipe of 40% regrind, 60% virgin, 2% colorant (the colorant is automatically calculated to relative to the 100% of virgin-plus-regrind material). As long as the regrind level stays above the level switch, this recipe will be used. If the regrind level drops below the level switch, a second, low-level recipe comes into play: It may have a recipe of 20% regrind, 80% virgin, 2% colorant. This will allow the regrind to build back up to the level switch again.
Analyzing and adjusting your material blending needs can go a long way towards reducing operator headaches, downtime, and rejects, and producing consistent, high-quality molded parts. Spending some time up front on your blending profiles will save you time and money in the long run.
Start by picking a target melt temperature, and double-check data sheets for the resin supplier’s recommendations. Now for the rest...
Molders should realize how significantly process conditions can influence the final properties of the part.
Here are some tips and techniques for extruders and injection molders to refer to when using CFAs.