Self-Reinforced Composite Based on PLA Fibers Wins 2019 Global Bioplastics Award
The Bio4Self (16 partner companies from the European Union) won the 14th Global Bioplastics Award.
Biobased and easy-to-recycle self-reinforced composites based on PLA fibers with an inherent high stiffness, which are being developed within the framework of the Bio4self project funded by the European Research Fund H2020, open up completely new fields of application for PLA. The progress to date and the promise of future developments impressed the judges of this year’s Global Bioplastic competition to award first prize to Bio4self. The prize was awarded by the trade journal Bioplastics magazine to the winning consortium, represented by Belgium’s Centexbel, on Dec. 3, 2019 during the 14th European Bioplastics Conference in Berlin, Germany.
An international consortium with the participation of Centexbel, Germany’s Fraunhofer ICT, Germany’s Institute of Textile Technology of the RWTH Aachen and 13 other partners, has developed a self-reinforced composite of PLA. In the Bio4Self project, two different PLA grades are required to produce self-reinforced polymer composites or SRPCs: a low melting temperature PLA grade to form the matrix and an ultra-high stiffness and high melting temperature PLA grade to form the reinforcing fibers.
Bio4self innovations have been shown to overcome several challenges related to the production of PLA SRPC:
▪ Formulation of a moisture/humidity-resistant PLA grade.
▪ Melt extrusion of ultra-high stiffness PLA reinforcement fibers.
▪ Development of (consolidation and thermoforming) manufacturing procedures to produce the highest performance SRPC material.
▪ Industrial scale up of production.
Self-reinforced PLA composites made of 0/90 fabric have a stiffness of 4 GPa/580,150 psi, which is comparable to the stiffness achieved by self-reinforced PP, but the PLA SRPC has the advantage of using renewable materials with a better end-of- life perspective.
These composites are designed for high mechanical strength and rigidity as well as high temperature and hydrolytic stability. In addition, such a composite is fully biobased, easily recyclable, formable and industrially biodegradable. As a result, PLA is being upgraded to a material suited for more technical and demanding final applications including automotive and household electronics, and offers possibilities for lots of other applications (sports, transportation, and medical appliances). As the first prototypical applications of the material, the partners presented a hybrid seating structure.
PLA materials are based on renewable resources, so-called lactic acids, which can be obtained from agricultural waste or specially cultivated raw materials such as sugar cane. Although the composite materials developed have been functionalized for high mechanical strength and stiffness as well as for high temperature and hydrolysis stability, like pure PLA they are completely biobased, recyclable, formable and even industrially biodegradable. These industrial-scale composites represent a milestone in the development of functionalized, mechanically high-strength, biobased material systems. Furthermore, the development makes a significant contribution to the recycling economy.
As an example, the application in a car seat structure was demonstrated at the JEC Composite trade show in March 2019. During the show, this project was awarded a JEC Innovation Award for sustainability, announced at the JEC Innovation Award ceremony on March.
During the recent Global Bioplastics Award ceremony, which honored this same application, Michael Thielen, publisher of Bioplastics magazine, noted, "It shows, that the intelligent combination of different forms of the same versatile bioplastic material PLA can lead to sophisticated solutions that enable the use for much more than just packaging applications." Even if the benefit of being biodegradable does not reveal itself at first glance, the whole concept can serve as a good example of what is possible with bioplastics.
The second prize went to Germany’s Nölle Kunststofftechnik and Fraunhofer IAP for their new splint for bone fractures. The novel splint made of PLA for immobilizing bone fractures can be repeatedly reshaped during treatment, such as, for example, when the swelling subsides. This is yet another sophisticated example for innovative applications with PLA.
The third prize went to France’s Carbiolice for their Carbiolice
enzymatic masterbatch to make PLA home compostable. The new masterbatch reportedly accelerates the natural PLA biodegradation process, making it suitable for home composting.
Demand for more robust plastics is creating new opportunities for radiation-crosslinked nylons, including nylon 6 and 66, which can serve as cost-effective alternatives to higher-cost, high-heat thermoplastics. Crosslinked nylons have higher heat resistance than their standard counterparts, along with better physical properties and abrasion resistance. Adapted from a paper presented at SPE ANTEC 2012.
Conventional molding techniques are not effective with high-temperature materials. Molders need to be aware of certain conditions and parameters to handle problems sometimes posed by high-heat injection molding.
Liquid silicone rubber (LSR ) is a two component reactive chemical with a viscous, paste-like consistency.