Materials: PBT with High Hydrolysis Resistance and More
Lanxess’ Pocan XHR (Xtreme Hydrolysis-Resistant) PBTs offer extra benefits such as high resistance to thermal shock, hot air and chemicals.
A new line of hydrolytically-resistant PBT resin series from Lanxess, Pittsburgh, Penn., boasts outstanding resistance to hydrolytic degradation in very hot and humid conditions, along with other benefits In internal testing with standardized test specimens based on the stringent SAE/USCAR2 Rev. 6 long-term hydrolysis tests of the US Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), the Pocan XHR (Xtreme Hydrolysis-Resistant) compounds reached Class 4 or Class 5 – the top two ratings.
Moreover, the launch of Pocan XHR has demonstrated that the additional benefits of the materials are just as important to many users, according to Ralf Heinen, application developer at Lanxess’ High-Performance Materials business unit. “They (users) often make the most of the high resistance to thermal shock, hot air, and chemicals, as well as the mechanical properties of the compounds based on polybutylene PBT).” Many electrical and electronic devices are exposed to ever-higher thermal loads for reasons including confined installation spaces or elevated operating temperatures. When used in dry environments, the plastics for these devices need to be able to withstand long periods in hot air. Heinen explains that yet another strength of Pocan XHR. For example, the impact strength of most compounds in the XHR series remains virtually unchanged even after 3,000 hours of being stored in 150 C/302 F. This makes the compounds ideal for parts in engine compartments, such as connectors, or for power electronics components.
Also, these compounds are tailor-made for overmolding of metal parts. Rapid and extreme changes in temperature often cause stress cracks in components with overmolded metal areas because of the differences between metal and plastic in terms of thermal expansion. That is why Lanxess has given the Pocan XHR series elongation at break of up to 4.7% (ISO 527-1,-2) because high elongation at break counteracts the formation of stress cracks. Moreover, the improved long-term temperature stability and hydrolysis resistance reduce susceptibility to stress cracks. Stress crack resistance is tested under extremely harsh conditions in heat shock tests. This involves subjecting the overmolded components to abrupt changes in temperature from -40 C/F to 125 C/250 F and back in several hundred cycles and keeping them at the various temperatures for extended periods--such as 30 minutes. In heat shock tests, components with Pocan XHR metal overmolding exhibit no stress cracks or, if they do, the cracks do not appear until after many multiples of the usual number of test cycles, says Heinen. That makes the XHR products exceptionally well suited to overmolding metal parts such as bus bars, connectors, power strips and main supporting frames.
Good processing characteristics of Pocan XHR are also touted. The melt viscosity of all Pocan XHR variants remains constant for a long time at the injection-molding temperatures customary for PBT. The materials remain stable during injection molding within a wide processing window. The improved flowability relative to comparable standard PBT materials makes it possible to implement thin-walled geometries. Furthermore, overmolding of metal parts can take place at lower filling pressures, which means that the metal inserts are not distorted or pushed out of position in the tool by the molten material.
The polymers we work with follow the same principles as the body: the hotter the environment becomes, the less performance we can expect.
And as with all sciences, there are fundamentals that must be considered to do color right. Here’s a helpful start.
This so-called 'commodity' material is actually quite complex, making selecting of the right type a challenge.