A brand-new family of thermoplastics for automotive and other markets offers an intermediate range of cost and performance between those of TPOs and engineering resins such as nylon, ABS, long-glass PP, and some modified PET and PBT materials. GE Plastics, Pittsfield, Mass., has broadened its Noryl range of PPO alloys by adopting a new matrix material: polypropylene. New patent-pending technology allows the incompatible PP and PPO materials to be blended so as to create new balances of stiffness, toughness, and heat resistance in a moderate price range. Initial Noryl PPX grades are priced between $1.20 and 1.80/lb.

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Automotive potential for PP-based Noryl PPX is indicated by this prototype fascia and front-end module.

The first members of the Noryl PPX family are two unfilled and two glass-reinforced grades that are aimed at automotive uses, as well as power-tool housings, food-handling trays, and fluid-handling components like pump housings. In the automotive arena, unfilled Noryl PPX7110 and 7125 are suitable for bumper fascias and underhood components. They are paintable with plasma or flame pretreatment. Grades suitable for use with adhesion promoters are in development. Glass-filled Noryl PPX630 and 640 are targeted for front-end modules, seat backs, load decks, and underhood parts. Noryl PPX addresses the auto makers’ interest in materials compatibility for recycling because it can be reground together with other PP-based resins or with standard polystyrene-based Noryl.

 

Competitive properties

According to Noryl product manager Keith DuPont, Noryl PPX offers three key properties: ductility or toughness, chemical resistance, and heat resistance. Compared with TPOs used in bumper fascias, Noryl PPX offers both higher heat resistance and 30-50% greater stiffness for the same level of toughness (see table). For example, Noryl PPX7125 with 194,000-psi flexural modulus is similar in toughness to TPOs at 120,000 to 155,000 psi modulus. High stiffness and high flow of Noryl PPX can allow for thinner walls and faster molding cycles, GE claims. Those factors together with very low specific gravity could make overall cost of Noryl PPX fascias lower than those molded of TPO, says Noryl product manager Keith DuPont. Noryl PPX also boasts higher creep and scratch resistance. For underhood parts, power tools, and pump housings, Noryl PPX is said to offer a combination of good chemical resistance and nearly zero moisture growth—an advantage over nylon. Toughness of Noryl PPX also beats that of nylon, DuPont notes. For power tools, 30% glass-reinforced PPX630 is said to show very good surface quality. And for industrial food-handling trays—today mostly wood or metal—olefinic Noryl PPX offers good non-stick or “peel” properties.

 

 

PROPERTIES OF NEW NORYL PPX ALLOYS
 PPX7110
Unfilled
PPX7125
Unfilled
PPX630
30% Glass
PPX640
40% Glass
Specific Gravity0.970.991.191.30
MFR, g/10 min10.68.42.61.3
Tensile Strength, psi
  Yield
  Break

5200
4700

5300
5100

11,500
11,500

13,900
13,900
Elongation, %
  Yield
  Break

6.5
195

8.0
150


7.7


6.4
Flex. Strength, psi7500730018,80021,900
Flex. Modulus, psi235,000194,000806,000120,600
Notched Izod, ft-lb/in.
  73 F
  -22 F

8.2
2.8

10.6
6.8

3.1
1.9

2.0
1.8
Unnotched Izod,
ft-lb.in.
15.510.8
Instrumented Impact,
Total Energy, ft-lb
  73 F
  -22 F


336
246


328
331


169
181


149
125
Vicat Temp., F282285324326
HDT, F
  66 psi
  264 psi

236
171

256
198

311
273

318
295