New Technology Combines 3D Printing with Injection Molding
This new concept 3D prints a metallic endoskeleton and then injection molds a special polymer around that skeleton.
Cobalt Extreme is working on technology that builds a metallic endoskeleton via 3D printing, and then injection molds a special polymer around that skeleton.
A company in Brisbane, Australia, has developed a manufacturing technology that combines 3D printing with injection molding. Cobalt Extreme works on producing technology for engineering and manufacturing of innovative artificial lift equipment for oil production.
The company’s performance materials laboratory has developed a material concept called Synthetic Metal (worldwide patents pending), which was originally developed for extreme environments in deep oil wells. This technology has potential to open up applications in new markets.
David Nommensen, director of Cobalt Extreme, says the biggest advantage of Synthetic Metal is its processability, by injection molding a unique polymer in and around a metal endoskeleton. “The injection molded polymer in and around the metal endoskeleton is not conductive and becomes an insulator, in addition to other benefits of the injection molded material, such as abrasion resistance, resilient deformability, cost, impact resistance, corrosion and chemical resistance, color, service temperature and low weight,” he says.
The company’s Synthetic Metal and Arpmax polymer technology combines the electronic characteristics of metal with the engineering properties of polymers. “A metal endoskeleton adds mechanical strength to a polymer (think reinforced concrete),” Nommensen says. “Imagine a human body without a skeleton.”
An example of an application for Synthetic Metal is electrolytic-protection corrosion control in oil wells. Nommensen explains that a sucker rod is a magnet for corrosion in the presence of water and chemicals like H2S, CO2, and O2. Cobalt Extreme created the Cobalt Synthetic Metal sucker-rod guide anodes to combat this.
Synthetic Metal concept is used to create sucker rods for the oil and gas industry.
The process is unique in combining plastic molding with 3D metal printing of the anode matrix to align with the very specific shape of the company’s existing sucker-rod guide designs. Nommensen says the design of the 3D metal printed anode matrix is in two halves that are snapped onto the rod prior to injection molding of the spiral rod guide. The hydrodynamic design takes into account anode thickness, strength, openness and consistent surface contact to ensure that the function of the original centralizer is not compromised and that sufficient surface contact is made to create the required electrical circuit to be effective in preventing corrosion.
Nommensen says the current alternatives for managing corrosion in oil and gas wells are either epoxy coatings, thermal spray metal coatings or injection of a liquid chemical corrosion inhibitor. Installation of Synthetic Metal anodes reverses the galvanic action and the corrosion then reacts on the anode rather than the tubing and the rods.
The Synthetic Metal anode is contained within an injection molded Arpmax polymer to both ensure controlled cathodic protection of the metal sucker rod and the sucker rod are effectively centralized via the polymer guide/centralizer with the well production tubing.
“The Synthetic Metal innovation is to utilize advanced additive manufacturing technologies to combine proven anode metallurgy with Arpmax polymer technology to create a polymer with the electrical/ thermal/conductivity and the structural strength of metal,” he said.
Currently, Cobalt Extreme works with ProX DMP 320 direct-metal printing (laser sintering) technology from 3D Systems and injection molding equipment, sourcing unique metal alloys and organic polymer materials suited to individual product characteristics.
Other potential applications of Synthetic Metal in conjunction with the Arpmax range of polymers include electronics, marine, aerospace, sports, medical and military. “Synthetic Metal technology also has significant non-oil-field applications looking for a polymer with the electrical, thermal conductivity and structural strength of metal,” Nommensen states. “Synthetic Metal offers new and unique material characteristics, which have yet to be fully explored.”
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